At the Invictus Games Sydney 2018, competitors from 18 nations will contest medals in 11 adaptive sports; archery, athletics, indoor rowing, Jaguar Land Rover Driving Challenge, powerlifting, road cycling, sailing, sitting volleyball, swimming, wheelchair basketball and wheelchair rugby. There will also be a Golf Open presented by ISPS Handa and wheelchair tennis competition.
These adaptive sports closely resemble the standard sports but with some modifications to the rules and equipment to better meet the needs of the competitors.
Competitors are generally classified according to how much their impairment affects their ability to carry out the fundamental activities in a specific sport. This allows competitors to compete against those with same skill level and ensures the success of the competitor is determined by their skill, fitness and tactical ability, not their impairment.
Adaptive sport competitions like the Invictus Games help wounded, injured and ill service personnel overcome their injuries by boosting their self-esteem, providing an outlet to expend excess energy and fostering a sense of camaraderie with other service members.
Australian Defence Force
The Australian Defence Force recognises that there are proven psychological benefits of participating in sport and have developed a rehabilitation program in conjunction with the Australian Paralympic Committee which uses adaptive sport to optimise functional independence, physical fitness and to promote postive self-image and self esteem.
Disability Sports Australia
Disability Sports Australia (DSA) is Australia’s peak national body representing athletes with a physical disability. DSA work to help people with a physical disability to develop and engage with the community through sports participation and recreational opportunities.
Australian Paralympic Committee
The Australian Paralympic Committee (APC) helps Australians with disabilities participate in sport and compete at the Paralympic Games through partnerships with governments, business, sporting bodies and the community. Since 1990, the APC has successfully prepared the Australian Paralympic Summer and Winter Teams for the Paralympic Games. The APC believe that participation in sport provides positive social and physical benefits to people with disabilities, and plays an important role in changing community perceptions of people with disabilities.